Cancer

Piperlongumine, chemical from Indian pepper plant inhibits enzyme in cancer cells

UT Southwestern Medical Center scientists have uncovered the chemical process behind anti-cancer properties of a spicy Indian pepper plant called the long pepper, whose suspected medicinal properties date back thousands of years. The study is published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry. Dr. Westover’s lab used X-ray crystallography to create this molecular model of piperlongumine.Credit: …

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Calcium channel blockers used for hypertension has potential to block cancer invasion

By screening already approved drugs, the team led by Postdoctoral Researcher Guillaume Jacquemet and Academy Professor Johanna Ivaska has discovered that calcium channel blockers can efficiently stop cancer cell invasion in vitro. Calcium channel blockers are currently used to treat hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, but their potential use in blocking cancer cell …

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Liquid biopsy chip based on carbon nano-tubes to detect circulating cancer cells

A chip developed by mechanical engineers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) can trap and identify metastatic cancer cells in a small amount of blood drawn from a cancer patient. The breakthrough technology uses a simple mechanical method that has been shown to be more effective in trapping cancer cells than the microfluidic approach employed in …

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New lung cancer biomarker Protein PD-1 for predicting survival

The biomarker PD-1, a protein, could potentially be used to predict survival or disease-free survival of lung cancer patients who have had the tumor surgically removed. This is substantiated by the results of a study conducted under the direction of the Comprehensive Cancer Center (CCC) of MedUni Vienna and Vienna General Hospital, together with MedUni …

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New biomarker based on expression of SHOX2 gene for predicting survival in Gliomas

Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found a new biomarker for glioma, a common type of brain cancer, that can help doctors determine how aggressive a cancer is and that could eventually help determine the best course of treatment. The findings are published in EBiomedicine. Researchers from the Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center found …

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Systemic review of literature finds no evidence of increased risk of fatal stomach bleed following use of aspirin

Stomach bleeds caused by aspirin are considerably less serious than the spontaneous bleeds that can occur in people not taking the drug, concludes a study led by Cardiff University. Published in the journal Public Library of Science, the extensive study of literature on aspirin reveals that while regular use of the drug increases the risk …

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Researchers study association between Malignant Mesothelioma and Asbestos exposure in Eastern China

A new research letter published online by JAMA Oncology looks at asbestos exposure and malignant mesothelioma in Eastern China. The study examined tumors diagnosed as malignant mesothelioma from 2002 through 2015 at two Chinese hospitals – one in Hangzhou, China, where there is no asbestos industry and one in Yuyao, China, located in the Chinese …

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Research shows possible link between "body clock" and cancer pathogenesis

A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) describes an unexpected role for proteins involved with our daily “circadian” clocks in influencing cancer growth. The research, published in the journal Molecular Cell, suggests that disruptions in circadian rhythms might leave levels of an important cancer-linked protein, called cMYC, unchecked. “This appears …

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