Machine learning algorithms to speed up image biomarker analysis in heart MRI scans

According to research published in journal Circulation:Cardiaovascular imaging cardiac MRI analysis utilizing machine learning algorithms can be performed significantly faster and with similar precision compared to human experts. In the study, researchers trained a neural network to read the cardiac MRI scans. Utilizing artificial intelligence, a scan can be analyzed in approximately four seconds compared …

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Fat mass index better predictor of cardiovascular events in diabetics

According to research published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, type 2 diabetics with higher fat mass index are prone to develop cardiovascular events. The study showed that fat mass index (FMI) is superior to lean body mass index (BMI) in predicting heart-related events. Researchers conducted a post hoc analysis of data from the Action …

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Animal study shows flavored e-cigarettes may worsen asthma

Researchers from the University of Technology Sydney, University of Vermont and the Woolcock Institute of Medical Research conducted an animal study in mice to determine the effect of flavored e-cigarettes, with or without nicotine, on allergic airways disease. Results of the study showed that some flavored e-cigarettes may alter asthma pathophysiology even when used without …

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Contaminated tap water and cancer

Researchers from Environmental Working Group conducted a cumulative assessment of cancer risk due to carcinogenic compounds found in drinking water. They used a novel analytical framework that calculated their combined health impacts. Results of the study showed that these substances would result in more than 100,000 cancer cases nationwide. Findings of the study are published …

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Animal tests show promise for needle free flu vaccine patch

Researchers from the University of Rochester Medical Center published a study in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology about a technology that could replace needle-based vaccination methods. In this study, researchers utilized a synthetic peptide to bind and inhibit the claudin-1 protein. Claudin-1 protein is essential for skin barrier strength and decreases the permeability of the …

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New retinal biomarker for identifying early Alzheimer’s disease

Researchers at the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM) have identified changes in retinal layer thickness, inflammation or thinning in patients with mild Alzheimer’s disease. These changes are identified with non invasive assessment using optical coherence tomography may be an important biomarker for early diagnosis. Researchers observed that in some patients diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, the …

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Use of mobile phone games to assess cognitive decline

Researchers from University of Kent shown that mobile phone games could be used as new tool for identifying early signs of cognitive decline and thus identify a possibility of developing dementia. Investigating the link between patterns of tap, swipe and rotational gestures during mobile game play and the users’ cognitive performance, the research shows that …

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Macrophage protein shown to have major role in fracture healing

Duke Health researchers previously showed that introducing bone marrow stem cells to a bone injury can expedite healing, but the exact process was unclear. Now researchers found that macrophage and the proteins it secretes called low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (Lrp1) can have a rejuvenating effect on tissue. These findings are published in journal Nature Communications. After …

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Scientists identify neural pathways behind visual perceptual decision-making

Scientists at the National Eye Institute (NEI) have found that neurons in the superior colliculus are key players in allowing us to detect visual objects and events. This structure doesn’t help us recognize what the specific object or event is; instead, it’s the part of the brain that decides something is there at all.  In …

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Early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease using artificial intelligence

According to a study published in the journal of radiology, research shows that artificial intelligence (AI) technology predict the development of Alzheimer’s disease early. Early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s is important as treatments and interventions are more effective early in the course of the disease. However, early diagnosis has proven to be challenging. Research has linked the …

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