An independent panel convened by the National Institutes of Health has developed a 10-year roadmap for advancing research to prevent youth suicide. To help close research gaps related to youth suicide and to assess the scientific evidence, NIH convened the Pathways to Prevention Workshop on March 29-30, 2016. The report includes recommendations to address these… Continue reading NIH panel discuss roadmap for advancing research to prevent youth suicide.
Two bacterial species that inhabit the human gut activate immune cells to boost the effectiveness of a commonly prescribed anticancer drug, researchers report in Immunity.The study identifies a new role for Enterococcus hirae and Barnesiella intestinihominis in activating cancer-fighting T cell immune responses, thereby enhancing the effects of the chemotherapy drug cyclophosphamide. “The anti-cancer drug’s… Continue reading Gut bacteria boost chemotherapy drugs in a research trial
A team of Mayo Clinic researchers has, for the first time, successfully mapped patterns of prostate cancer recurrence, following surgery. Using C-11 choline PET imaging and multiparametric MRI, researchers found an anatomically diverse pattern of recurrence, which may help optimize treatment of patients whose prostate cancer returns after surgery. The research findings are published today… Continue reading Mapping recurrent prostate cancer using C-11 choline PET and multiprarmetric MRI
Thousands died and more than 13 million people fell ill with malaria caused by the parasite Plasmodium vivax last year. There is no vaccine for the disease, partly because multiple strains of P. vivax circulate globally, making it difficult to develop a vaccine. Now, researchers studying a protein crucial for the parasite’s survival have found… Continue reading New vaccine targets found for Plasmodium vivax Malaria
Girls with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are at higher risk than girls without ADHD for multiple mental disorders that often lead to cascading problems such as abusive relationships, teenage pregnancies, poor grades and drug abuse, UCLA psychologists report in the journal Pediatrics. The researchers, who conducted by far the most comprehensive analysis of girls and… Continue reading Research shows girls with ADHD are at higher risk for other mental health issues.
Professor Peter O’Connor and Dr Maria van Agthoven in the Department of Chemistry have invented a device which makes 2D mass spectrometry – an effective process for analysing and sequencing proteins. This could enable researchers and companies to produce data-driven results on how protein molecules function, more easily and cheaply. 2D mass spectrometry allows chemists… Continue reading Researchers in University of Warwickshire develop 2D mass spectrometry using Linear ion trap.
Sleep is vital for humans. If adults remain awake for longer than usual, the brain responds with an increased need for deep sleep. In adults, these deep-sleep waves are most pronounced in the prefrontal cortex – the brain region which plans and controls actions, solves problems and is involved in the working memory. Sleep deprivation… Continue reading Sleep Deprivation in children affects brain myelin development
Certain types of nerve injury, such as those from automobile accidents and falls, can damage or sever the axons that connect neurons and allow them to communicate with each other. Although axons elsewhere in the body can regenerate to some extent after such damage, those in nerves are far less capable, resulting in long-lasting or… Continue reading Understanding roundworm nerve regeneration mechanism and its molecular pathways could help nerve injury treatment.
Fruit flies may be small, but the genetic secrets they can unlock for humans are many. In the current issue of the journal Development, Michigan State University researchers mapped the signaling processes used by insulin in fruit flies. The significance of the discovery in the tiny Drosophila melanogaster, which have been called “Tiny people with… Continue reading Researchers mapped the signaling processes used by Insulin in Fruit flies.
A study led by investigators from the Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT, and Harvard finds evidence that antibody protection may help control infection with the bacteria that causes tuberculosis. In their study receiving online publication in Cell, the research team describes finding consistent differences in both the structure and function of antibodies targeting the TB… Continue reading Role of TB specific antibodies in Tuberculosis infection found